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These termites travel at least 50 metres in the colony using a series of underground tunnels to find food. Coptotermes acinaciformis send large numbers to new food resources and, thus, respond strongly to bait. In contrast, Coptotermes frenchi research for new food resources and feed at numerous points.
Nasutitermes exitiosus is common north of the Great Dividing Range. They construct dark, thin-walled mound nests between 30 cm and 75 cm above ground. These mounds are around 1m in diameter.
Porotermes tend to reside in smaller colonies than other species, and do not construct shelter tubes or traveling far underground. They are more easily controlled than other species.
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A colony of Schedorhinotermes will have two distinct sizes of soldiers, referred to as major and minor soldiers. Important soldiers grow around 5.6 mm long, while minor soldiers are only 3.6 mm long. The two types of soldier have mandibles.
Schedorhinotermes are harmful and relatively nomadic, rather than maintaining a fixed, central nest.
Heterotermes are dispersed throughout Australia. They are only a significant pest species in the Northern Hemisphere.
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The soldiers of this species are up to 4.75 mm long, with lengthy, dark jaws and parallel-sided heads.
Heterotermes reside in tiny colonies which attack fence posts, timber flooring, and paling fences within a radius of the nest. They are commonly found because they feed on small timbers on the ground surface.
Dusts function to control termites since they ingest and disperse the insecticide among the colony during habitual grooming.
Insect growth-regulator dusts (like Triflumuron) and non-repellent termiticides are the most powerful means of termite pest control for the human consumer.
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Arsenic trioxide dust has been used since the 1930s to control termites, often with the addition of oxide or another colourant. However, arsenic trioxide is a poisonous, highly toxic elemental pesticide that does not degrade.
Baiting is most often the ideal way to kill an attacking colony when the main nest website cannot be found. Bait stations also allow you to collect samples of termites for species identification.
Bait stations consist of containers of cellulose materials such as timber, paper or cellulose gel that are either buried in the ground near the building under assault or placed inside near known damage.
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Bait generally utilize slow-acting, non-detectable toxins that the nearly complete colony can be poisoned before impacts appear. Repellent termiticide formulations such as those of all pyrethroids are not as colony control agents. Care must be taken not to cross contaminate baits using even tiny residues of pesticides.
Baiting does not provide a practical barrier. The baits do not isolate the building as termites are still able to access the structure. For long-term structural protection, barriers are favored.
Chemical barriers work by applying an unbrokenBoundary of pesticide around the outside of an infested structure. This creates a zone or band of soil that is toxic the termites cannot cross. Creating an effective chemical barrier could involve trenching around the foundations of this structure, and injecting the chemical into the soil through holes drilled in concrete foundations. .
Termites work through the treated soil unaware they are picking up a poisonous compound. This reduces the termite population and might ruin the colony.
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Repellent compounds, for example Bifenthrin, are commonly used as barriers. Non-repellent termiticides, such as Imidacloprid and Fipronil, can be more resilient where protection is uncertain (by way of instance, where the compound is injected through concrete).
Soil may also be treated using click to read more a chemical barrier look here prior to building construction. Bifenthrin is commonly used for this function; Imidacloprid is often used for the perimeter of a new arrangement.
This method isolates the colony out of a building by creating a complete barrier around or beneath a buildings foundations that termites cannot cross.
Crushed granite of a shape and size. Termites cannot get into a building if granite particles are too big and heavy for them to move. Granite aggregate is commonly applied around pipes and behind the bricks of a building parameter that has a concrete slab foundation.
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Marine-grade stainless steel mesh can be glued to concrete slab foundations, masonry and around pipes. Termites cannot enter through the mesh openings.
Strip shielding, for example alloy ant caps on the tops of stumps under suspended wood floors, can also help prevent termite attack. If installed properly, termites need to construct an easily visible mud tube within the cap to penetrate the building.